Dunbog

   DUNBOG, a parish, in the district of Cupar, county of Fife, 4 miles (E. by S.) from Newburgh; containing 219 inhabitants. This place derives its name, of Celtic origin, and signifying the bog of the hill, from the former marshy nature of the grounds at the base of the hill of Dunmore, which extends into the parish. A portion of the lands anciently formed part of the barony of Balinbriech, the property of the Rothes family, from whom it passed into the possession of Lord Home, whose descendant, in the reign of James IV., sold the lands of Dunbog to David Bethune, of Creich, in whose family they remained till the middle of the seventeenth century. In 1694 the estate was sold to Major Balfour, of Starr, by whom it was forfeited in the rebellion of 1715; it was, however, restored to his son, from whom it was purchased in 1766 by the ancestor of the Earl of Zetland, its present proprietor. The parish is four miles in length, and varies from half a mile to one mile and a half in breadth; it comprises 2130 acres, of which 1800 are arable, 300 hill pasture, and thirty woodland and plantations. The surface is broken by two continuous chains of hills, extending in a nearly parallel direction, and inclosing between them a beautiful vale of luxuriant fertility; the greatest elevation of the hills, however, does not exceed 500 feet above the sea. The northern chain, which is a continuation of the hill of Dunmore, now called Norman's Law, is cultivated from the base to the summit, and commands an extensive and diversified view of the surrounding country, embracing the windings of the river Tay till it disappears behind the projection of the hill of Kinnoull, the rich valley of the Earn, the Carse of Gowrie, and, to the east, the town of Dundee, and the estuary of the Tay at its influx into the German Ocean. Towards the north appears the range of the Sidlaw hills, with the Grampians in the distance towering above them in majestic grandeur. The southern chain of hills is barren and uncultivated; some few spots have by great perseverance been rendered productive, and are in tillage, but, from the want of wood and plantations, the general appearance is dreary and unpromising. The scenery of the lower lands of the parish has been much improved by the joint exertions of the proprietors in reclaiming the large tracts of bog and marsh which formerly abounded, and which are now in a state of high cultivation, and produce abundant crops. The river Tay washes a small portion of the parish.
   The soil in the valley is a rich black loam; in other parts it is more of a clay, and towards the east light and dry. The system of agriculture is in a greatly improved state, and the six-shift rotation plan of husbandry is generally practised; the crops are, barley, oats, wheat, potatoes, and turnips. Little attention is paid to the rearing of cattle or sheep; of the latter the few that are fed in the parish are of the Cheviot breed, and the cattle are mostly of a mixed sort. Great advances have been made in draining, but the lands are not inclosed, and the want of fences is seriously felt. The substratum is principally whinstone, and on the summits of the hills are found boulders of granite; in some parts of the valley the whinstone occasionally rises to the surface, and in the best cultivated and richest land are spots comparatively barren. The rateable annual value of the parish is £2944. The mansion of Dunbog, the property of Lord Zetland, and at one time the residence of Cardinal Beaton, was erected on the site of a religious house called the Preceptory of Gadvan, occupied as a cell belonging to the abbey of Balmerino, by a few monks of that establishment, who employed themselves in the cultivation of the adjoining lands, which, with the exception of a small portion now included in the glebe, are laid out in garden and pleasure grounds. Collairney, for many centuries the property of the Barclay family, was purchased by the late Dr. Balfour of Fernie: the castle, formerly the baronial residence of the Barclays, is now a ruin consisting only of one of the towers, containing some small apartments with roofs divided into compartments, and emblazoned with the arms of various members of that family. The parish is in the presbytery of Cupar and synod of Fife, and in the gift of the Crown; the minister's stipend is £204, with a manse, and a glebe valued at £8. 15. per annum. The church, situated nearly in the centre of the parish, was erected in 1803, and is a neat and well-arranged edifice adapted for a congregation of 200 persons. The parochial school affords a liberal course of instruction; the master has a salary of £34, with £15 fees, and a house and garden.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dunbog — is a parish in the county of Fife in Scotland. The parish is of entirely rural character, with no actual village only a collection of farm houses. Dunbog parish is bounded on the north by the River Tay, on the south by Monimail, on the east by… …   Wikipedia

  • Nisbet Balfour — Major General Nisbet Balfour (Dunbog, 1743 – 10 October 1823, Dunbog) was a British soldier in the American War of Independence and later a Scottish Member of Parliament (MP) in the British Parliament. He was born in Dunbog, in the county of Fife …   Wikipedia

  • John Arthur — For other people named John Arthur, see John Arthur (disambiguation). John William Arthur, OBE, MD (born Glasgow, 1881, died Edinburgh, 1952) was a medical missionary and Church of Scotland minister who served in British East Africa (Kenya) from… …   Wikipedia

  • East Fife (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = Fife East Type = County Year = 1885 Abolition = 1983 members = OneEast Fife was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1983. Along… …   Wikipedia

  • List of state schools in Scotland/Council Areas E-H (excluding cities) — The following is a partial list of currently operating state schools in the unitary council areas of East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Lothian, East Renfrewshire, Falkirk, Fife and Highland in Scotland, United Kingdom. You may also find of …   Wikipedia

  • List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in North East Fife — The following is a list of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in the North East Fife Area of Search. For other areas, see List of SSSIs by Area of Search.* Ballo and Harperleas Reservoirs * Balmerino Wormit Shore * Bankhead Moss * Barnsmuir… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Hill — from Dunbog Hill Elevation 221 m (725 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • List of community council areas in Scotland — This is a list of community council areas established in each of the council areas of Scotland.Aberdeen CityThere are 31 community council areas in the council area. Those marked with an asterisk have a community council. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Norman's Law — ist ein eisenzeitliches Hillfort, auf einem 285 m hohen Gipfel am Ostende der Ochil Hills. Es liegt bei Dunbog nahe dem Firth of Tay, acht Kilometer östlich von Newburgh in der Graftschaft Fife, in Schottland Der felsige Gipfel des Hügels ist von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Collairnie Castle — is an L plan castle in Dunbog, Fife, Scotland. The castle was extended in the 16th century, with a wing added of 4 storeys with an attic. The main block has been reduced to a single storey, and the tower is now incorporated into 19th century a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.